In India, voters have the fundamental right to know the financial background of any person contesting elections to Parliament. Since 2003, it has become common practice for candidates contesting elections to Parliament to submit an official declaration disclosing details of assets and liabilities for self, spouse and three dependents. The Election Commission of India is required to make these affidavits public so that voters may get to know the background of electoral candidates.
After a candidate wins elections to either House of Parliament it becomes mandatory for them to declare their assets (movable and immovable property for self, spouse and dependent children) within 90 days of taking oath of office as an MP. Liabilities to public financial institutions and the central and any state government must also be disclosed.
After a wide public consultation process, the Scottish Parliament published a set of Key Principles in 1999, ‘Shaping Scotland’s Parliament’ which set out how the Parliament should work. The Principles are:
Accountable: the Scottish Parliament is answerable to the people of Scotland. The Scottish Parliament should hold the Scottish Government to account; Open and Encourage Participation: the Scottish Parliament should be accessible and involve the people of Scotland in its decisions as much as possible; Power Sharing: power should be shared among the Scottish Government, the Scottish Parliament and the people of Scotland, and Equal Opportunities: the Scottish Parliament should treat all people fairly.